What is Female Infertility?

Female infertility is defined as the ability to get pregnant, maintain pregnancy or carry pregnancy to live birth.

Causes For infertility

Age- A Woman’s infertility is affected by age. A woman’s fertility peaks on the early and mid 20s, after which it starts to decline. With this decline being accelerated after age 35. .

Tobacco Smoking/Alcohol Drinking-

is harmful to the ovaries. The degree of damage is dependents up to the amount and length of time a woman consume alcohol or smoke or is exposed to a smoke filled environment.

Body Weight and Eating Disorder

Under weight and overweight are also causes of infertility. Fat calls produce estrogen. Too little fat causes insufficient production of estrogen and disturbs the menstrual cycle. Too much body fat causes too much production of estrogen and the body begins to reacts as of it is on birth control.

Other factors

Chemotherapy, Diabetes, Thyroid, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Uterine fibroid, Liver/ Kidney disease.

Infertility Treatment

Medication

IUI (Intrauterine In semination) IUI is a form of assisted conception. IUI involves a lab procedure to separate fast moving sperm from non moving sperm or sluggish. These sperm are then placed into woman’s womb close to the time of ovulation when the egg is released from the ovary. This procedure is combined with fertility drugs to increase your chances of conceiving.



IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation) IVF is Process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body (In Vitro means glass). The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman ovulatory process, removing ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is cultured for 2-6 days in the growth medium and is then implanted in the woman’s uterus with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.

What is Male Infertility Male infertility refers to a male’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen

Treatment

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) ICSI is an IVF procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg. It is especially useful for patients where the male partner has a very low sperm count, poor sperm motility or too many abnormal sperms.

PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) PESA is typically the first choice for sperm retricval and is done by inserting a needle through the scrotum into the epidemis to collect a small amount of sperm.

TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction)) TESE is done either using a needle or a small incision to collect a small sample of the testis tissue for extraction of sperm.

MESA (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration) MESA is slightly more invasive technique then PESA and uses microsurgical technique to collect sperm from the epididymis.